Anthropometric characteristics, physical fitness, and throwing velocity in elite women's handball teams

27.7.2018

PAPESH team (Jose M. Saavedra, Hafrún Kristjánsdóttir, Ingí Þ. Einarsson, Margret L. Guðmundsdóttir, Sveinn Þorgeirsson), and Icelandic National Handball Coach (Axel  Stefansson) have published the article entitled: Anthropometric characteristics, physical fitness, and throwing velocity in elite women's handball teams

The aims of this study were: (i) to analyse anthropometric, physical fitness, and throwing speed in women elite handball players of different ages, and (ii) to develop a multivariate model explaining handball performance from a multidimensional perspective.  Eighty women handball players (18.2±4.0 years in age) from National Team selections participated in the study.  The players belonged to A Team, under-19, under-17, and under-15 national teams.  All were evaluated by basic anthropometry, physical fitness tests, and handball throwing speed.  A one-way ANOVA was used to establish the differences between teams with a Bonferroni post-hoc test.  For each team, a discriminant analysis was performed to determine the predictor variables of performance.  Pearson's simple correlation coefficients were calculated between each of the variables using chronological age as control variable.  The results of this particular study indicated that, between the A Team and the U19 team, there were only differences in weight, CMJ, medicine ball throw, and yo-yo test.  The A Team and U19 predictive models correctly classified 76.2% and 90% of the samples, respectively, with the variables involved being weight and BMI (A Team) and 30 m sprint and 7 m throwing speed (U19 team).  The 7 m and 9 m throwing speeds were correlated with each other and with stature, weight, CMJ, and medicine ball throw (0.367≤r≤0.533; 0.001≤p≤0.05).  These results could help improve coaches' knowledge of elite female teams and better inform their training and talent detection processes, in particular in the country where the study was conducted and others of similar characteristics.

 

More information:

Saavedra, J.M., Kristjánsdóttir, H., Einarsson, I.Þ., Guðmundsdóttir, M.L., Þorgeirsson, S., Stefansson, A. (2018). Anthropometric characteristics, physical fitness, and throwing velocity in elite women's handball teams. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 32: 2294-2301. Impact Factor: 2.325; Journal 29 out of 81 (Sport Sciences); Science Edition-2017.